Drone Frequently Asked Questions

DJM Aerial Solutions Frequently Asked Questions FAQ Drone Q & A

Drone FAQ

Drone Frequently Asked Questions

We are frequently asked questions surrounding the general use of UAV technology and what can be achieved. The general public belief surrounding drones when we mention them in meetings etc are that they are a great tool capable of producing aesthetic imagery and promotional video. When in reality what can be achieved with a UAV is much more than that.

Of course, aesthetic video production and promotional aerial photography are a fantastic tool to assist with any company promotional or marketing projects and certainly has its place. But these services barely scrape the surface in terms of UAV function and end product.

We decided to put together a “drone FAQ” that will hopefully shed some light on the industry and how the use of drone technology can help to reduce costs and improve safety within the workplace.

Q&A Dropdown

UAV is an acronym for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. Those within the industry prefer the use of this term over “drone” due to the basic fact that “drone” is a term utilised by the general consumer and/or military.

RPAS is another acronym for “Remotely Piloted Aircraft System” again it is another term for those within the industry that prefer to use it over “drone”. It is also a more formal term used by the government and possibly public organisations.

The term sUAS is yet another acronym for “Small Unmanned Aerial System” again it is generally used by military personnel but often also used by professional sUAS pilots opposed to the word “drone” it can also be used without the “s” pronounce UAS (Unmanned Aerial System) although this term generally encompasses a different category of UAS which do not come under the bracket of small or sub 20kg

Anybody can operate a drone as a hobbyist as long as they adhere to the drone code and remain vigilant whilst flying. However, to operate a drone at a commercial level, you must undertake the correct training under an approved NQE. They will guide you through your ground school training and operations manual and allow you to sit an FST. This then dependent on pass rate provides you with a PfCO it is then up to yourself how you proceed.

An NQE is an abbreviation for National Qualified Entity which is a status given to a drone training company or UAV training provider facilitating operators and companies with the ability to obtain a Permissions For Commercial Operation (PfCO)

A PfCO is an abbreviation for “Permission for Commercial Operations” which is essentially an accreditation provided by the CAA to allow a drone operator or commercial drone service company to operate commercially essentially earning money for their work.

CAA is an acronym for the Civil Aviation Authority. The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is responsible for the regulation of aviation safety in the UK, determining policy for the use of airspace. Whether you are a commercial drone pilot, a hobbyist drone pilot or a commercial airline pilot. These guys are the governing regulatory body for all UK airspace requirements.

The ANO defines ‘Commercial Operations’ as: Any purpose, other than commercial air transport or public transport, for which an aircraft is flown if valuable consideration is given or promised for the flight or the purpose of the flight.

This is evaluated along the lines of if any remuneration is knowingly gained from the end result of a drone flight it is essentially classed as commercial. This is can be anything from aerial photography and videography to data acquisition such as thermal or NDVI.

ANO is an abbreviation for the Air Navigation Order or CAP393 publicised by the civil aviation authority the air navigation order is a document that forms the legal basis for almost all areas of civil aviation that are regulated at national level. It is a regulatory document that encompasses all levels of aviation including drone operations.

The ANO should be read in its entirety providing an overview of airspace regulations. However, there are several sections within the ANO that are relevant to UAV services. These sections are as follows.

CAP 393 The ANO:

Articles 94 & 95

Articles 240 & 241

CAP 722 Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operations UK

CAP 382 Mandatory Occurrence Reporting Scheme

CAP is an abbreviation for Civil Aviation Publication i.e “CAP 722” A “CAP is a document that is written as a regulatory document by the civil aviation authority. Offering guidance to those that occupy UK airspace.

There are several categories of unmanned aerial vehicle that are separated by their functionality but encompassed into set categories by their maximum take-off weight the different types of drone are listed below.

FIXED WING DRONE

Fixed Wing a fixed-wing drone such as the sensefly ebee is a platform that is generally utilised around mapping and spatial analysis ideally suited for BVLOS given the correct rules and regulations are adhered to.

SINGLE ROTOR DRONE

A single rotor drone is generalised around the hobbyist Single rotor drones are strong and look similar in structure and design to actual helicopters. They have one big rotor, which is like one big spinning wing, plus a small sized rotor on the tail for direction and stability.

MULTI-ROTOR DRONE

The most popular type of drones are of course quadcopters this is generally due to the ease of use and require little ability to be able to operate one proficiently, multi rotor drones can be further classified down to tricopters a platform with three props, hexacopters utilising 6 props or the larger octocopters which have 8 props and are generally classed as heavy lift due to their payload capabilities.

VTOL Vertical Take Off And Landing Drone,

A relatively new concept the VTOL drone is essentially a hybrid UAV that utilises the fixed wing system but takes off and lands using the multirotor system. The advantage being there is no longer the requirement to carry a huge launching system or hand launch.

 

You can further classify each system down into maximum takeoff weights as follows although there are several categories within each that may or may not require further training and permissions.

SUA 0-20kg

Light UAS 20-150kg

UAS 150 + kg

Essentially the law requires all drone operators whether commercial or hobbyist to abide by the rules and follow the drone code. But first and foremost stay vigilant and use your common sense.

Do not fly past VLOS unless authorized, with the correct training and OSC submission resulting in further permissions issued by the CAA the general distance permitted is 500M but if you can not see that far then do not fly that far.

Do not fly above 400 ft in height or 120 m height is not the same as AMSL and should be viewed in terms of terrain if you are on a hill at 350 ft this does not mean you are limited to fly a further 50 ft, again a measure of common sense is required.

Do not operate within 150m of a congested area. The CAA class a congested area at 1000 people obviously this is an impossibility to measure so again a degree of common sense is required if you feel the area is congested then don’t fly there or ensure you have reasonable precautions in place before doing so. Preventing any issues occurring if something happens to go wrong. The 150m rule can also be reduced to 50m if an operation of a sub 20kg UAS is used.

Do not fly within 50m of any road, building, structure, vessel or person that is not under your control. This distance is looked upon as a bubble surrounding the uav and must be excersized appropriately. If you need to fly within these limits then ensure you have informed the owners of that particular asset and saught their permission prior to operating.

Do not take off or land within 30m of any road, building, structure, vessel or person that is not under your control. Again the take of and landing area should generally be marked out using correct equipment and preventing anybody from encroaching on that area.

VLOS is an abbreviation for Visual Line Of Site and is exercised during every drone operation. The current threshold for visual line of site is 500m. There is also a fairly new term in the UAV industry call BVLOS Beyond Visual Line of Site. Which is a requirement needed during mapping of large areas or topographical surveys or land survey.

An OSC is an acronym for operational safety case which is a document that is provided to the civil aviation authority when the pilot feels that he must operate outside of the limits provided by the CAA. The CAA will scrutinize this document prior to issuing a secondary permission which will only be issued if the CAA are satisfied that all relevant safety precautions are covered within the OSC. These one-off permissions can sometimes take up to 6months to be processed so the key is always preparation.

This is a question that we are asked on a regular basis and very rarely able to answer but we can provide a few guidelines.

There is definitely no easy route to market and certainly isn’t a get rich quick scheme, there are currently 4000+ commercial drone pilots in the UK and that number is increasing week on week.

Our advice in terms of viability is definitely along the lines of asking yourself what your USP is there is more to starting this business than buying a Mavic from the local vendor and applying for your permission.

Your drone should be looked at as a tool of the trade you currently operate in. Anybody can shell out a few thousand on equipment and go out and get their permission but then you need to consider how you approach the market that you are going to specialise in. How will you market it, how are you going to manage it? Why are you better than the guy down the road who also has a drone and PfCO?.

Do you think you can really turn up on site with a Mavic and look professional? we all know it’s about the end product and the fact that a Mavic can do just as a good a job as some of the higher end equipment but the end users opinion and judgment is what will get you another project.

There are a million different routes to consider before taking the step and we touch briefly on it in this blog post.

Drones are generally not weatherproof however DJM Aerial Solutions recently invested in a drone that can operate in inclement weather with an IP43 the Matrice M210 and Zenmuse Z30 and Zenmuse XT was a heavy investment but we are one of the few UAV service providers that are able to operate in the rain.

This is a relatively broad question but again is something we are often asked when carrying out drone operations and each project is different but if we were to carry out a basic aerial filming job.

Each project requires at least 2 hours of RAMS documentation prior to site arrival which includes the study of aviation charts and local habitation and surrounding area. This allows for us to plan and keep in close contact with any civil or military ATC units. But also gives us the required knowledge on which airspace we are planning on operating in or if there are any aviation conflicts or hazards such as HV Power transmissions or rail lines, high-intensity radio transmissions etc.

With the above info we are able to judge the requirements for the project and establish which equipment to use and what responsibilities are required, do we need a secondary observer or payload operator. Do we need a third person? Do we need to plan closure of public footpaths or roads?

A lot of people assume we can turn up on site get the machine out of the box and fly it instantly this is generally not the case and a great deal of pre-preparation is required. We first need to carry out or on-site RAMS documentation and assess any local risk, preventative measures are to be carried out preventing any public encroachment or conflict etc.

Pre-flight assessment of the drone is then necessary giving the pilot the confidence to be able to fly knowing that there are no problems with the aircraft and everything is working as it should.

The flying is sometimes risky and the drone pilot needs to be vigilant continuously monitoring the telemetry data, ensuring sufficient battery power in both UAV and RC, occasional checks of GPS data to ensure satellite coverage is sufficient and there is no requirement to fly in ATTI mode. But also watching the drone at all times to allow for recovery if an uncontrolled movement is observed.

This is all carried out at the same time as operating the camera and adjusting parameters and settings, changing lenses, altering shutter speeds and frame rates. Installing filters and lens hoods etc.

Once this has been taken care of and the aerial videography is complete post-flight inspection is necessary checking for any issues that require attention, logging flight duration, and battery life but also debriefing the ground team and ensuring all the required date was acquired.

Once the drones and equipment have been packed away and team debriefed the next option is to upload the data onto a computer and carry out the relevant editing requirements this is the time-consuming area utilising relevant editing suites, colour grading each section, clipping and cropping hours of film and then putting it all together with a relevant audio and possible inro and end titles. Then rendering it into a useable format and providing an initial edit for the client to review which then may require further editing and the process starts again.

Again a very broad question and unfortunately not an easy one to answer as if operation differs entirely from the next and depends on the end product and what is required.

For instance, if we are working for a corporate blue chip company that might require a thermal inspection of an asset onsite, the cost would be very different to somebody that requires a quarterly progressional report for a construction development. Which again would differ from a promotional aerial video or image.

The best and easiest way for us to assess your project in terms of pricing is to contact us for a free no obligation quote

As a hobbyist photographer, I have had several entry-level drones over the years for personal use. But as the technology increased several companies began using them for commercial gain. I was working overseas as an engineer at the time longing to spend more time with my family.

I decided to invest in my PfCO after understanding that there was a possibility of me being able to use drone technology as an extension of my eyes assisting in any preventive or reactive maintenance routines.

Visual inspection and survey was a big part of my professional life during my career and more often than not required a great deal of paperwork and long-term isolation prior to carrying out the task. If I could reduce the time required to carry out visual survey, which is an essential part of any maintenance routine then I could also reduce the financial overheads of these companies.

This was the base plan for my business model. I am able to bring my experience in the field as an engineer to carry out a more targeted inspection routine. I knew I could interpret the data essentially being able to fault find any issues from this high resolution or thermographic data and had 20+ years experience in report writing post data capture.

However, I also understood that a huge financial investment from myself would be required as these blue-chip companies would never take me seriously turning up on site with a consumer level entry grade drone.

Its been a hard road and we expected it. So if I was to give any advice I would suggest that you research your market and use the machine as part of your toolbox opposed to going into it the trade blind.

There are so many uses for drones currently and more are being developed on a daily basis. It is essentially a disruptive innovation with plenty of investment from third parties and government bodies.We have come up with a list of the more popular services that we can achieve.

Drone Aerial Inspection

We specialise in asset integrity inspection and survey which is where our background lies within industry. The UAV lends itself particularly well to this in an industry that concentrates much of its time on safety improvements whilst trying new techniques to remain cost-effective.

Drone Thermographic Aerial Survey

Again we utilise thermal imaging sensors alongside standard RGB sensors which can be used to inspect for energy loss across a wide range of assets. They can be used to check for leakage across pipework, heat buildup in rotating equipment which might indicate failing components, building envelope inspections to check for permeation of insulation, excessive heat build up in electrical components which could indicate premature failure.

 

Long Range Asset Inspection

We have access to one of the most powerful RGB cameras on the market the zenmuse z30 this RGB camera is capable of producing high-resolution images from up to 150m distance with it 180 x zoom function. The main reason we use this is to provide close up inspection routines on industrial assets that might generally require shut down or isolation prior to carrying out the inspection. It could also be used as an inspection tool where assets require inspection which might be within a sensitive area on site.

 

Land Survey and Topographical Survey.

Drones are fast becoming the go-to choice for any land survey work obviously the immediate benefit being their ability to cover ground a great deal faster than traditional methods using a total station or theodolite. The end result can also be tied into pre-positioned ground control points giving an accurate reference when designing and constructing any new development.

 

3D Imaging and Point Cloud Analysis

As with the above drones are fast becoming the go-to choice for point cloud and 3d image development due to the speed and lack of limitations that are evident and the final product is usually better than the alternative. 3D modeling is a fantastic way to monitor maintenance routines on the likes of heritage sites or construction maintenance and can be used as a reference towards new construction developments. Point clouds are made up of a series of data points captured using overlapping images and referenced with the XYZ coordinates. They can be used to depict relative measurements or elevations and deviations and are a fantastic tool for surveyors.

 

Internal Inspection and Confined Space Survey

Storage tank inspection is a relatively enormous task generally speaking with the requirement to carry out several safety checks prior to entry all of which are detailed here DJM Aerial solutions now have access to a tank inspection drone or confined space inspection UAV that can not only m provide a colossal reduction in the overall the time taken to carry out this same task. But also provide a much safer alternative. With the ability to capture both standard RGB and thermal data.

Promotional Aerial Video / Aerial Photography

This speaks for itself in terms of functionality we are often asked to produce aerial video and or photography for companies that would like to promote their business or an upcoming event. We have the experience behind a camera and the equipment to create bespoke aerial footage for your promotional needs

 

Construction Development Progressional Reports

Another recently popular task is to provide monthly footage or imagery or new build construction developments that can be assigned to a progressional report and handed over to relevant shareholders, providing them with the required evidence that their investment is “developing” over time.

We have several Cameras or payloads and all are based on different services. Listed below with their parent UAV:

DJI Phantom 4

Sensor 1/2.3” CMOS
Effective pixels:12.4 M
Lens FOV 94° 20 mm (35 mm format equivalent) f/2.8 focus at ∞
ISO Range
  • 100-3200 (video)
  • 100-1600 (photo)
Electronic Shutter Speed 8 – 1/8000 s
Image Size 4000×3000
Still Photography Modes Single shot
Burst shooting: 3/5/7 frames
Auto Exposure Bracketing (AEB): 3/5 bracketed frames at 0.7 EV Bias
Timelapse
HDR
Video Recording Modes UHD: 4096×2160 (4K) 24 / 25p
3840×2160 (4K) 24 / 25 / 30p
2704×1520 (2.7K) 24 / 25 / 30p
FHD: 1920×1080 24 / 25 / 30 / 48 / 50 / 60 / 120p
HD: 1280×720 24 / 25 / 30 / 48 / 50 / 60p
Max Video Bitrate 60 Mbps
Supported File Systems FAT32 (≤32 GB); exFAT (>32 GB)
Photo JPEG, DNG (RAW)
Video MP4, MOV (MPEG-4 AVC/H.264)
Supported SD Cards Micro SD
Max capacity: 64 GB
Class 10 or UHS-1 rating required
Operating Temperature Range 32° to 104°F (0° to 40°C)

 

DJI Phantom 4 Pro

Sensor 1’’ CMOS
Effective pixels: 20M
Lens FOV 84° 8.8 mm/24 mm (35 mm format equivalent) f/2.8 – f/11 auto focus at 1 m – ∞
ISO Range Video:
100 – 3200 (Auto)
100 – 6400 (Manual)
Photo:
100 – 3200 (Auto)
100- 12800 (Manual)
Mechanical Shutter Speed 8 – 1/2000 s
Electronic Shutter Speed 8 – 1/8000 s
Image Size 3:2 Aspect Ratio: 5472 × 3648
4:3 Aspect Ratio: 4864 × 3648
16:9 Aspect Ratio: 5472 × 3078
PIV Image Size 4096×2160(4096×2160 24/25/30/48/50p)
3840×2160(3840×2160 24/25/30/48/50/60p)
2720×1530(2720×1530 24/25/30/48/50/60p)
1920×1080(1920×1080 24/25/30/48/50/60/120p)
1280×720(1280×720 24/25/30/48/50/60/120p)
Still Photography Modes Single Shot
Burst Shooting: 3/5/7/10/14 frames
Auto Exposure Bracketing (AEB): 3/5 bracketed frames at 0.7 EV Bias
Interval: 2/3/5/7/10/15/20/30/60 s
Video Recording Modes H.265
C4K:4096×2160 24/25/30p @100Mbps
4K:3840×2160 24/25/30p @100Mbps
2.7K:2720×1530 24/25/30p @65Mbps
2.7K:2720×1530 48/50/60p @80Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 24/25/30p @50Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 48/50/60p @65Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 120p @100Mbps
HD:1280×720 24/25/30p @25Mbps
HD:1280×720 48/50/60p @35Mbps
HD:1280×720 120p @60MbpsH.264
C4K:4096×2160 24/25/30/48/50/60p @100Mbps
4K:3840×2160 24/25/30/48/50/60p @100Mbps
2.7K:2720×1530 24/25/30p @80Mbps
2.7K:2720×1530 48/50/60p @100Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 24/25/30p @60Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 48/50/60 @80Mbps
FHD:1920×1080 120p @100Mbps
HD:1280×720 24/25/30p @30Mbps
HD:1280×720 48/50/60p @45Mbps
HD:1280×720 120p @80Mbps
Max Video Bitrate 100 Mbps
Supported File Systems FAT32 (≤32 GB); exFAT (>32 GB)
Photo JPEG, DNG (RAW), JPEG + DNG
Video MP4/MOV (AVC/H.264; HEVC/H.265)
Supported SD Cards Micro SD
Max Capacity: 128GB
Write speed ≥15MB/s, Class 10 or UHS-1 rating required
Operating Temperature Range 32° to 104°F (0° to 40°C)

 

DJI Inspire 1 Pro Zenmuse X5

SENSOR

Size 17.3 x 13.0 mm (4:3 Aspect Ratio)
Type CMOS
16.0M Effective Pixels
ISO Range 100~25600

MAX-PIXELS

Max-Pixels 16.0M
Burst Shooting Full pixels 7fps
Shutter Speed 8~1/8000 sec
EV Range -3~+3, 1/3
AEB Support
Interval Support
Time Lapsed Support, 5/7/10/20/30 sec
DNG Support

MISC.

Exposure P/S/A/M
AE Metering Auto/spot metering
AE Lock Support
WB auto/manual/spot
Focus Mode AFS/AFF/MFT
Focus Mode 256-zone / Pinpoint/(Touch focus is available)
AF AUX Support
AE Lock Yes (AF/AE LOCK button)
Focus Peaking Support
Zebra Support
Adjustment Support
Style sRGB,Color looks, LOG, Cine-D
Enhancement HDR/Video DR
Software N/A

LENS

Optics User Selectable (default DJI MFT 15mm F/1.7 ASPH)
Iris F/1.7-F/16 (default DJI lens)
Diagonal FOV 72 degree (default DJI lens)
Equivalent 30mm (default DJI lens)
Distortion 0.40%
Focus Range 20cm-infinite (default DJI lens)
Auto-Focus Support (default DJI lens)

VIDEO

Resolution 4096×2160(23.98p)
3840×2160(29.97/23.98p)
2704×1520(30/25P)
1920×1080(59.94/29.97p)
Encoder MPEG4/AVC/H.264
Max-Bitrate 60Mbps@4096×2160(23.98p)
60Mbps@3840×2160(29.97/23.98p)
45Mbps@2704×1520(30/25p)
40Mbps@1920×1080(59.94p)
25Mbps@1920×1080(29.97p)
Format MP4/MOV
Storage Micro-SD Class 10
Video NR Support
Stabilizer Support

 

DJI Matrice M210

Zenmuse X5S

GENERAL

Name Zenmuse X5S
Dimensions 140×98×132 mm
Weight 461 g (Lens Kit)

CAMERA

Supported Lens DJI MFT 15mm/1.7 ASPH (With Balancing Ring and Lens Hood)
Panasonic Lumix 15mm/1.7 (With Balancing Ring and Lens Hood)
Panasonic Lumix 14-42mm/3.5-5.6 HD
Olympus M.Zuiko 12mm/2.0 (With Balancing Ring)
Olympus M.Zuiko 17mm/1.8 (With Balancing Ring)
Olympus M.Zuiko 25mm/1.8
Olympus M.Zuiko 45mm/1.8
Olympus M.Zuiko 9-18mm/4.0-5.6
Sensor CMOS, 4/3”
Effective Pixels: 20.8MP
FOV 72° (with DJI MFT 15mm/1.7 ASPH )
Photo Resolutions 4:3, 5280×3956
16:9, 5280×2970
Video Resolutions Aspect Ratio 17:9

CinemaDNG
4K DCI: 4096×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p,
up to 2.4Gbps; 50/59.94p, up to 4.0Gbps

H.264
4K DCI: 4096×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97/47.95/50/59.94p @100Mbps

H.265
4K DCI: 4096×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p @100Mbps

Aspect Ratio 16:9

CinemaDNG
4K Ultra HD: 3840×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p,
up to 2.4Gbps; 50/59.94p, up to 4.0Gbps

ProRes
4K Ultra HD: 3840×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p,
422 HQ @900Mbps; 23.976/24/25/29.97p, 4444 XQ @2.0Gbps

H.264
4K Ultra HD: 3840×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97/47.95/50/59.94p @100Mbps
2.7K: 2720×1530 23.976/24/25/29.97p @80Mbps; 47.95/50/59.94p @100Mbps
FHD: 1920×1080 23.976/24/25/29.97p @60Mbps;
47.95/50/59.94p @80Mbps; 119.88p @100Mbps

H.265
4K Ultra HD: 3840×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p @100Mbps
2.7K: 2720×1530 23.976/24/25/29.97p @65Mbps;
47.95/50/59.94p @80Mbps
FHD: 1920×1080 23.976/24/25/29.97p @50Mbps;
47.95/50/59.94p @65Mbps; 119.88p @100Mbps

Aspect Ratio 2.44:1

CinemaDNG
5.2K: 5280×2972 23.976/24/25/29.97p, up to 4.2Gbps

ProRes
5.2K: 5280×2160 23.976/24/25/29.97p, 422 HQ @1.3Gbps

H.264/H.265
4K Ultra HD: 3840×1572 23.976/24/25/29.97p @100Mbps

Photo Formats DNG,JPEG,DNG+JEPG
Video Formats RAW,ProRes,MOV,MP4
Operation Modes Capture, Record, Playback
Still Photography Modes Micro SD: Single shot, Burst Shooting:
3/5/7/10/14 frames, Auto Exposure Bracketing, 3/5 bracketed frames at 0.7EV bias, Interval
SSD: RAW Burst Shooting:
3/5/7/10/14/20/∞ frames
Exposure Mode Auto, Manual, Shutter, Aperture
Exposure Compensation ±3.0 (1/3 increments)
Metering Mode Center-weighted metering,
Spot metering (area option 12×8)
AE Lock Supported
Electronic Shutter Speed 8-1/8000s
White Balance Auto, Sunny, Cloudy, Incandescent,
Neon Custom (2000K–10000K)
ISO Range 100 – 6400 (Video)
100 – 25600 (Stills)
Video Captions Supported
Anti-Flicker Auto, 50Hz, 60Hz
PAL/NTSC Supported

 

Zenmuse XT Thermal

Thermal Imager Uncooled VOx Microbolometer
FPA/Digital Video Display Formats
  • 640 × 512
  • 336 × 256
Analog Video Display Formats 720 × 480 (NTSC); 720 × 576 (PAL)
Pixel Pitch 17 μm
Spectral Band 7.5 – 13.5 μm
Full Frame Rates
  • 640 × 512:30 Hz (NTSC) 25 Hz (PAL)
  • 336 × 256:30 Hz (NTSC) 25 Hz (PAL)
Exportable Frame Rates 7.5 Hz NTSC; 8.3 Hz PAL
Sensitivity (NEdT) <50 mK at f/1.0
Scene Range (High Gain)
  • 640 × 512:-13° to 275°F (-25° to 135°C)
  • 336 × 256:-13° to 212°F (-25° to 100°C)
Scene Range (Low Gain) -40° to 1022°F (-40° to 550°C)
Spot Meter Temperatures measured in central 4×4
File Storage Micro SD Card
Photo Format JPEG, TIFF
Video Format MP4

 

Zenmuse Z30 Long Range RGB

Sensor CMOS, 1/2.8″
Effective Pixels: 2.13 M
Lens 30x Optical Zoom
F1.6 (Wide) – F4.7 (Tele)
Zoom Movement Speed:
– Optical Wide – Optical Tele: 4.6 sec
– Optical Wide – Digital Tele: 6.4 sec
– Digital Wide – Digital Tele : 1.8 sec
Focus Movement Time:
∞ – near: 1.1 sec
FOV 63.7°(Wide) – 2.3°(Tele)
Digital Zoom 6x
Min. Working Distance 10 mm – 1200 mm
Photo Formats JPEG
Video Formats MOV, MP4
Working Modes Capture, Record, Playback
Still Photography Modes Single shot, Burst shooting: 3/5 frames, Interval (2/3/4/7/10/15/20/30 sec)
Exposure Mode Exposure Mode Auto, Manual, Shutter priority, Aperture priority
Exposure Compensation ±2.3 (1/3 increments)
Metering Mode Center-weighted metering, Spot metering (Area option 12×8)
AE Lock Supported
Electronic Shutter Speed 1/30 – 1/6000 s
White Balance Auto, Sunny, Cloudy, Incandescent, Custom (2000K – 10000K)
Video Captions Supported
TapZoom Supported
TapZoom Range 1-5
Defog Supported
One Key to 1x Image Supported
Anti-flicker 50 Hz, 60 Hz
PAL/NTSC Supported
Supported SD Cards MicroSD (SD / SDHC / SDXC)
Max. Capacity: 64 GB, Class 10 or UHS-1
Supported File Systems FAT32 (≤ 32 GB)
exFAT (> 32 GB)